Will Lebanon Get High-Speed Internet?

At a time when we, in Lebanon, are still trying to convince each other about the importance of having high-speed internet and about the positive implications it has on the economy. Canada declared that high-speed internet is a necessity for the quality of life and has set the following targets for the basic telecom services:

– Speeds of 50 megabits per second (Mbps) download/10 Mbps upload for fixed broadband Internet access services
– An unlimited data option for fixed broadband access services
– The latest mobile wireless technology available not only in homes and businesses but also along major Canadian roads

Although more than 82% of Canadians have access to 50Mbps/download and 10Mbps/upload, the project aims at getting all of the Canadians, especially those living in rural areas connected and up to speed.

In another corner of the world, Google is giving people free Wifi at 100 of the busiest train stations in India, connecting more than 5 million users monthly. Google worked with state-run ISP RailTel whose fiber optic cable runs alongside the railway tracks.

So, What is Our Situation Today?
In Lebanon, we are not even close to an acceptable situation. The current obsolete and deteriorating internet infrastructure is making us unable to compete with the rest of the world on both personal and professional levels. In two words, our internet is expensive and useless.

The average internet speed in Lebanon is 1.8Mb/s, one of the lowest in the world. War-torn Iraq’s average is 3.7Mb/s while South Korea has the best average with 26.7Mb/s.

This is my Ogero home internet connection

Facts and Figures:
In Lebanon, around 76% of the overall population are online. In total have around 4,5M Internet users, 3.1M Facebook subscribers (according to IWS), and 2.5M Mobile Internet Users (early 2016)

what is unbelievable is that around 50% of internet users are on less than 1Mb/s, 43% are on 2Mb/s, and 7% are on +4Mb/s (Source: Ogero)

If we look at the internet milestones in Lebanon, we notice that:
0.06Mb/s dial-up was introduced back in 1997, 0.5-2Mb/s ADSL was introduced back in 2007 with an update to ADSL2+/HDSL in 2009. Since then, no technological breakthrough, as by now, we should have been operating on 10-100Mb/s FTTX. Unfortunately, we are still running on the same archaic infrastructure of 2007.

How does it Work?

To simplify things, to access the internet, we are either connected via the fixed or mobile network.

Fixed Network:
You’re on a fixed network when you are connected at home, the office, in a coffee shop or any other location that is providing internet via Ogero directly or indirectly via any other ISP or cable Internet provider.

But, what good is a network if it is not used. A good part of the work is done and Lebanon is connected to the world via the IMEWE submarine cable since 2011, in turn, it inter-connects around 308 Ogero Central Offices (CO)s via fiber optics through the three international exchanges in Beirut, Jdeideh, and Tripoli.

Technically, the problem lies in connecting these COs individually to the surrounding homes/offices in each town and village, by replacing the current existing copper cables by fiber. This is done in two steps: First connecting the Central Offices to the every street cabinet and then connecting the street cabinets to the building boxes and then to the homes.

Source: Ogero

Today most of Lebanon, with the exception of large institutions, banks, hospitals, police and the army, is still connected via the obsolete copper cables. Unlike fiber, copper loses the quality of its delivery with distance. Technically anyone living at a radius bigger than 2KM cannot get a connection greater than 2Mbps which is the case of most Lebanese.

Every once in a while a 5 year/$1B plan rolls out to upgrade the infrastructure but never sees the light of day. Today, we cannot wait 5 more years. We cannot afford to wait 6 months. Every day goes by affects the economy in a negative way.

Mobile Network:
The state of mobile is better than fixed and it can be improved in a much faster way. Coverage is still poor in many areas, data bundles and quotas are small and insufficient, expensive monthly bills, subscriptions and data packages as well as ridiculous overage charges.

As an example, most US carriers’ overage penalty is $15 per GB, Lebanese carriers are charging around $71 per GB (for the up to 10GB plans). Another example of competitive bundles is MetroPCS in the USA, for $60 you get Unlimited everything (Talk, Text, Data 4G LTE)

Today, we receive more calls / voice-notes on our smartphones via WhatsApp, Viber, FaceTime and Skype than traditional voice. The problem with the current data packages is that they don’t meet today’s needs. Quotas should be upgraded more regularly to meet the consumption requirement.

On average:
Posting photos and videos = 819 KB each
Downloading songs, apps or games = 5 MB per items
Browsing the internet = 942 KB per page
Sending and receiving emails = 249 KB per email
Getting turn-by-turn navigation (Google maps) = 7 MB per trip
Streaming video = 8 MB per minute
Online game = 375 KB per minute

Even though 4.5G is rolling soon with speeds reaching 300Mb/s, improvement will not be felt before the installation of new sites to better cover the whole country with voice and data.

LTE Expansion Plan

Alfa along with Ericsson and Nokia are due to install around 1000 new sites on top of the available 242 to increase reach to 97% of the populated area (81% of Lebanese territories). Touch is partnering with Huawei and Nokia to install around 1015 new sites on top of the available 200. Today, the mobile operators’ coverage is around 30-40% of the populated area (16-20% of Lebanese territories)

In my opinion, privatization is the only solution, the operators’ hands are tied and cannot be more competitive, as they are closely managed by the ministry and almost running like any other public entity.

The Future is Data:

This is the age of data, big data, the internet of things, the internet of everything; we need to be connected all the time and everywhere, at home, at work, and on the move. Your house, TV, fridge, car, watch and everything around you is now smart and connected.

5G is not just an internet connection but rather new sets of services and opportunities. Many current and future businesses will depend on connectivity, specifically mobile connectivity to work, agritech, fleet control, deliveries, mobile payments, robo-taxis, cloud-based services, voice and video calls and conferencing, real-time content, banking and financial services, retail etc.

The Central Bank of Lebanon created a positive initiative (BDL Circular 331) that made available more than $400M to the Lebanon’s startup ecosystem and the knowledge economy. This effort allows the young generation of entrepreneurs, coders, designers, scientists and visionaries to pursue their passion and try to make it in Lebanon and the world.

This beautiful initiative if not matched by a solid infrastructure and high-speed internet will not give the desired results.

High-speed Internet by the end of 2017?
Today, we are starting to notice a change in major public offices and government; we sure want to see things move a lot faster. Prime Minister Saad Hariri promised to drastically improve the internet situation in a short amount of time.

Let’s just hope an action plan and a roadmap will be shared with the public, and not just virtual promises and tweets.


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  • Cyril

    Jan rd, 2017 11:30 AM Reply

    The problem with the recent declaration of our PM is that there are no specific deadlines, what does he mean by “soon”?
    The previous telecom minister promised institutions and banks to be connected to the fiber network by the mid to end 2016, guess what, it didn’t happen.

    When the 2020 plan was designed, underground fiber optic cables were supposedly the way to go (this takes time as holes have to be digged in order to lay the cables).

    Then suddenly, they decided to switch to aerial cable, which should take a lot less time (and money) to install but are not as robust (think about a random car accident that might damage a pole and cut some cables).

    Still, while supposedly reducing the infrastructure installation time by at least 2/3, they still managed to be late.

    I haven’t seen a single worker laying fiber cables either underground or overhead since 2015, until some real infra work starts, this is all BS.

  • shant

    Jan rd, 2017 11:50 PM Reply

    you should have wrote about the double NAT part as well

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